Eating Disorders: A Better Look
As per the National Institute of Mental Health, 1 out of 5 females struggle with an eating disorder or disordered eating. Even though women are the very likely ones who are seriously affected, men equally suffer from this illness. It typically happens in the teenage years, mainly in a quest for a body physique or weight.
What exactly is an eating disorder?
An eating disorder is a real and significant condition. It’s described by extreme changes in eating habits, like excessive reduction of food intake or excessive eating. There are two primary types of eating disorders, namely anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; other types are incorporated into a category called “eating disorders not otherwise specified” (EDNOS). But let us place our focus on the two major types.
Anorexia nervosa – this type of eating disorder is characterized by persistent desire of thinness and disinclination of gaining weight. People who have this illness see themselves as “obese” although in reality they are skinny and undernourished.
Signs and symptoms:
-Concern of putting on weight
-Lack of monthly period
-Performance of shedding weight by intensive dieting and over-exercising or self-induced vomiting, laxative, diuretic, and enema misuse
-Has altered physique image
-Physical symptoms include growth of fine hair in the whole body, fragile hair and nails, yellowish and dry skin, muscle tissue loss and weakness
Some famous celebrities who suffered from this illness are American socialite Nicole Richie, famous singer Karen Carpenter, and actress Mary-Kate Olsen.
Bulimia nervosa – this kind of disordered eating is recognized by frequently ingesting large amounts of foods immediately followed by purging or self-induced vomiting to make up for the overeating.
Signs and symptoms:
-Binge-eating (intense consumption of huge quantities of food associated with a feeling of absence of control over eating)
-Purging (intense actions of weight loss such as extreme working-out, fasting, or self-induced vomiting)
-Unusual fear of weight gain
-Feeling of discontentment towards physique and body weight
-Physical symptoms include severe sore throat, dental complications, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and significant dehydration from lack of essential fluids.
Famous people who’ve suffered from this serious issue included Spice Girls’ “Ginger Spice” Geri Halliwell, American Idol judge Paula Abdul, and Katy Perry’s fianc, Russell Brand.
By today, the most effective remedy against these disorders is the combination of pharmacological and psychological approaches such as the utilization of antidepressants and psychotherapy. Though researches have been developed to determine the exact causes and treatments to address this illness, it must be recognized that eating disorders are real, are treatable, and above all, are remarkably avoidable.
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