Bronchitis is a respiratory problem in which the mucous membrane in the lungs bronchial passages becomes inflamed and usually occurs in the setting of an upper respiratory illness and is seen more frequently in the winter months. It can be short-lived (acute) or chronic, meaning that it continues a long time and often recurs and can have causes other than an infection. It can also happen when acids from your stomach consistently back up into your esophagus , a condition known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. Both adults and children can get it.
If you smoke and come down with the acute form, it will be much harder for you to recover. If you continue smoking, you are increasing your probability of developing the chronic form which is a serious long-term disorder that often necessitates regular medical treatment. Should you suffer from the chronic type, you are at risk for developing cardiovascular troubles as well as more serious lung diseases and infections, and you should be monitored by a Physican.
Symptoms lasting more than 90 days are often classified as acute; symptoms lasting longer, often for months or years, are usually classified as chronic. Signs of Infectious bronchitis normally begins with the symptoms of a common cold: runny nose, sore throat, fatigue, chills, and back and muscle aches. The symptoms of either type include: Cough that produces mucus; if yellow-green in color, you are more likely to have a bacterial infection, Shortness of breath made worse by exertion or mild activity, Wheezing, Fatigue, Fever — usually low and Chest discomfort. Other symptoms encompass: Frequent respiratory infections (such as colds or the flu), Ankle, feet, and leg swelling, Blue-tinged lips due to diminished levels of oxygen.
Most people can treat their symptoms at home. However, if you have severe or on going symptoms or if you cough up blood,you should see your doctor. The physician will recommend that you drink lots of fluids, get plenty of rest, and may suggest using an over-the-counter or prescription cough drug to relieve your symptoms as you recouperate. If you do not improve, your doctor may recommend an inhaler to open your airways. If symptoms are severe, the doctor may order a chest x-ray to exclude pneumonia.
AS time passes, harmful particles in tobacco smoke can permanently injure the airways, increasing the risk for emphysema, cancer, and other traumatic lung diseases. People at risk for acute bronchitis encompass: The elderly, infants, and young children, Smokers, Persons with heart or lung disease. Passive smoke exposure is a risk factor for asthma in adults. Smoking (even for a short period of time) and being around tobacco smoke, chemical fumes, and other air pollutants for long periods of time puts a person at likelyhood for developing the disease.
In total, tobacco smoking accounts for as much as 90% of the risk. Secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke elevates the likelihood of respiratory infections, augments asthma symptoms, and creates a measurable reduction in pulmonary function. Malnutrition increases the chances of upper respiratory tract infections and subsequent acute bronchitis, especially in children and older people.
Treatment based on the symptoms and cause, may include: Antibiotics to treat acute bronchitis that seems to be caused by a bacterial infection or for those who have other lung problems that put them at a elevated risk for lung infections, Bronchodilators, which open up the bronchi, may be used on a short-term basis to open airways and decrease wheezing, Cool-mist humidifiers or steam vaporizers can be helpful for wheezing or shortness of breath.
Early recognition and therapy, combined with no more smoking, significantly increases the chance of a good outcome. With the severe form, your fever may be as high as 101 to 102 F and may last for three to five days even with antibiotic treatment. However, if influenza is the suspected cause, treatment with an antiviral drug might be useful.
Bronchitis is an inflaming of the air passages within the lungs and may come with signs and symptoms of an upper respiratory infection, including: Soreness and a feeling of constriction or burning in your chest, Sore throat, Congestion, Breathlessness, Wheezing, mild fever and chills, Overall malaise.
Tobacco and infectious agents are major causes of chronic bronchitis and even though found in all age sectors, it is diagnosed most frequently in children younger than five years. In 1994, it was diagnosed in more than 11 of every 100 children younger than 5 years. Fewer than 5% of persons with the disease go on to develop pneumonia. The majority of cases clear up on their own in a few days, especially if you rest, drink lots of liquids, and keep the air in your home warm and moist. If you have repeated episodes of bronchitis, see your doctor.
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